Land use in Carpi. Data and comments

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With this post, we finish the presentation of the meeting ‘Climate change. The town and its green. Conscious use of the territory’ which took place Tuesday, November 20, 2018 in Carpi at the auditorium Carlo Rustichelli. Carlo Manicardi and Guido Barbieri presented the first two reports. Now we’ll talk about the third one, presented by Francesco Fantuzzi, economist and civic activist. Fantuzzi analysed the dynamics of land consumption in the town of Carpi, based on the evolution of the historical cartography over the years. In addition, he made an interesting comparisons with the demographic dynamics, based on data of the ISTAT population censuses, that date back to 1870 and in some cases even to 1861, the year of birth of the Italian State. It is clear that private, public or industrial building is closely linked to the population growth rate. We’ll mention some data. In 1861 the inhabitants of Carpi were 16,698 and this number remained almost the same – with a slight increase – until 1881. Growth began in the early 1900s (22,876) with a real boom in the ‘60s. Nowadays we are 71.060. What led to this population increase? No doubts the shift from the production of wood shavings to that of knitwear, in the post-war period. The development of residential building followed the industrialization. Then, in 1967, the approval of the first Urban Development Plan, further supported the growth of the town. A negative effect of this increased economic prosperity was the land consumption that in 2016 reached 2,566 ha. In the ’70s the architect Amedeo Magnani revised the Urban Development Plan and this led to the establishment of an industrial and artisanal area in the following decade. Later on, the environmental policies started to emphasize the need for conservation and improvement of natural resources, as well as the need for research on sustainable use of the territory. Therefore now it is necessary to combine environmental protection and economic development in our town and in a context of fruitful relations among the other towns of Modena and Reggio Provinces. The last part of Fantuzzi’s report focused on the identification of the remaining lots of “consumable” land. The current Urban Development Plan identifies 102 areas and 9 more  have been added, reaching about 6 hectares in total. We end up with some data that we read on a table of indicators: in the period of 2000-2016, the average land consumption rate / year reached 68.79 sq.m. per inhabitant. Let’s think about these figures.